Details of conducting power outages in Abkhazia were told on January 27 by the General Director of RUE “Chernomorenergo” Aslan Basaria. According to him, the flow of electricity had to be carried out already from January 1, 2020 to save water in the Jvar reservoir. Due to the fact that the overflow was not started, the management of Chernomorenergo was forced to introduce four-hour rolling blackouts
According to Basaria, the end of 2019 and the beginning of 2020 became one of the most difficult for the energy sector, since the required precipitation norm did not fall in the mountains, the ice did not melt and, accordingly, the required amount of water did not enter the reservoir.
As of January 27, the Ingur-Hydroelectric Power Station generates 106 million kW / h at a water level of 442 m. The Ingur-Hydroelectric Power Station stops completely at 420 m, in which case it remains possible to generate electricity only on the tributary. For three months – January, February and March, the generation of inflows is 140 million kW / h, respectively, the Ingur-hydro power reserve is 246.7 million kW / h, according to observations over the past 8 years.
“This year, a non-standard situation and, of course, the inflow may be lower. In addition, there is the Pererpadnaya HPP-1, the generation capacity of which is about 55 million kW / h, that is, the generation of two hydro power plants is about 274.5 million kW / h, ”Basaria quotes“Needed newspaper".
The projected consumption of Abkhazia for three months of 2020 will amount to 533.5 million kW / h, that is, the electricity deficit by April 1 will be 259 million kW / h or 40%.
“Over the past five days, we have broken all records of electricity consumption. We consumed about 9 million kW / h per day – we have never had such indicators. In this situation, together with the country's leadership, we decided to introduce a blackout. But with such a shortage, it’s impossible to say that the “fan” that we introduced will be enough to go through the winter period, ”said Chernomorenergo CEO.
He stressed that an agreement with Russia on the flow of electricity is expected to compensate for this deficit. The flow will be paid from the funds of the Investment Program and the approximate price per kWh will be 2.5 rubles. When this question was resolved, Basaria found it difficult to answer, since the negotiations are held at a high level, it may take another couple of weeks. If negotiations drag out, you will have to adjust the power outage schedule, increasing the number of hours without light.
Basaria said that the black outages that Chernomorenergo carried out before January 27 were related to the overloading of trunk lines and substation equipment. Current outages also provide an opportunity to unload these lines during peak loads from 8 to 11 in the morning and from 7 to 11 in the evening. High loads are associated with the fact that the population does not save electricity, according to the general director of Chernomorenergo.
He also touched on the topic of payment for consumed electricity, which is one of the main reasons for the current state of the energy sector in the country. 70% of the population does not pay for electricity, Basaria said.
He also noted the importance of economically sound electricity tariffs, which in any case will be lower than in neighboring states, and the installation of automatic metering devices. Today, about 11 thousand metering devices are installed, which automatically turn off the electricity in case of non-payment. There are 108 thousand subscribers in the country. 90% of subscribers in whose households installed metering devices regularly pay for the energy consumed, Basaria added.
In order to install devices for all consumers of electricity, about 800.5 million rubles are needed, at the same time, the debt of subscribers to Chernomorenergo is more than 1 billion rubles. No debt cancellation, said Basaria, has been carried out.
The head of Chernomorenergo also raised the topic of cryptocurrency mining, which seriously loads the electricity network.
“It is impossible to engage in mining in the territory of Abkhazia due to the decay of the energy system. Large farms were closed before the events. Now everyone is in a pause, and perhaps some of the restrictions on our citizens no longer work. Of course, we carry out our events, but the fact is that not one of the miners bears any legislative responsibility. We can come and turn off the electricity, but they are reconnecting, ”Basaria said.
He emphasized that the position of the leadership of Chernomorenergo is a ban on cryptocurrency mining throughout Abkhazia.
Basaria cited statistics on electricity consumption in the country since 2014. So, in 2015, the growth in consumption compared to 2014 was 12.34%, in 2016 – 6.47%, in 2017 – 4.04%, in 2018 – minus 4.06%, in 2019, consumption increased by 7 , 47%. Over 5 years, the increase in electricity consumption amounted to 28.31%.