Let's get married: why there are more marriages and fewer divorces
Rosstat's latest data on the number of marriages and divorces in 2019 turned out to be unexpectedly optimistic. On Valentine's Day, we understand why Russians began to create families more actively, in which regions of the country they get married more often, and in which – get divorced, where the population of grooms and the brides are most numerous.
Judging by statistics, Russians began to register marriages more often and less likely to get divorced. In 2019, almost 917 thousand marriages were signed in the country, which is 24 thousand more than a year earlier, and the number of divorces last year decreased to 528 thousand – 56 thousand less than in 2018.
“New families are now actively created by young people in the age group of 25-29 years old – echoes of the last Soviet baby boom. This explains a certain increase in the number of marriages, ”head of the laboratory of quantitative methods for studying regional development at G.V. Plekhanova Elena Egorova.
According to her, at present a fairly good conjugal conjuncture is taking shape. The number of 25-29-year-old Russians is 10.2 million, while 20-24-year-olds are only 7.1 million. “Since the age of marriage is growing for both grooms and brides, I would like to hope for the growth of marriages in the coming years,” the expert notes.
She explains the decrease in the number of divorces for two reasons. “In Russia, the number of unregistered marriages is still growing; accordingly, there are less divorces. At the same time, unlike marriages, people decide to divorce even after a year, five and twenty years from the moment of family formation. Since the number of marriages has been declining for quite some time, the number of divorces is also falling, ” – believes Egorova.
Moscow became the leader in the number of registered marriages. In 2019, 79,418 families were created in the capital, which is 4 thousand more than a year earlier. At the same time, a decrease in the number of divorces was recorded in Moscow – up to 42,497 cases. The Moscow region occupies the second place in the largest number of marriages (54.4 thousand compared to 49.3 thousand in 2018), St. Petersburg is the third (47 thousand compared to 44 thousand), and Krasnodar Territory is the fourth (39 , 6 thousand and 38.7 thousand), in the fifth – the Rostov region (26 thousand and 25 thousand).
It is interesting that the number of divorces in 2019 increased only in five regions of the country: in the Moscow region – up to 32,622 cases, the Krasnodar Territory – up to 22 512 cases, Udmurtia – up to 4492 cases, Karelia up to 2839 cases and in the Chechen Republic – up to 1048 cases .
Most brides live in Yaroslavl, Ivanovo, Tula and Novgorod regions. In these regions, men account for 45% of the total population. It is better to look for grooms in Moscow, the Moscow Region and the Krasnodar Territory – the largest number of men from 16 and older who are not officially married live here.
From the results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census, statisticians for the first time obtained information on the age of women at which they gave birth to their first child: then more than half of Russians gave birth to their firstborn at the age of 20–24 years, and 19% at the age of 25–29.
Updated data on the family and marital composition of the population, on the number of children in the family will become known after the 2020 All-Russian Population Census.
All-Russian population census will be held from October 1 to October 31, 2020 years using digital technology. The main innovation of the upcoming census will be the possibility of independent filling in by the inhabitants of Russia of an electronic census form on the Unified portal of public services (Gosuslugi.ru). When going around residential premises, Rosstat census takers will use tablets with special software. It will also be possible to correspond at census sites, including in the premises of multifunctional centers for the provision of state and municipal services (MFCs).